The Book of Jasher
In those days, after the death of Isaac, the Lord commanded and caused a famine upon the
At that time Pharaoh king of Egypt was sitting upon his throne in the land of Egypt, and lay
in his bed and dreamed dreams, and Pharaoh saw in his dream that he was standing by the
side of the river of Egypt.
And whilst he was standing he saw and behold seven fat fleshed and well favored kine
came up out of the river.
And seven other kine, lean fleshed and ill favored, came up after them, and the seven ill
favored ones swallowed up the well favored ones, and still their appearance was ill as at first.
And he awoke, and he slept again and he dreamed a second time, and he saw and behold
seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and good, and seven thin ears blasted with
the east wind sprang, up after them, and the thin ears swallowed up the full ones, and
Pharaoh awoke out of his dream.
And in the morning the king remembered his dreams, and his spirit was sadly troubled on
account of his dreams, and the king hastened and sent and called for all the magicians of
Egypt, and the wise men, and they came and stood before Pharaoh.
And the king said unto them, I have dreamed dreams, and there is none to interpret them;
and they said unto the king, relate thy dreams to thy servants and let us hear them.
And the king related his dreams to them, and they all answered and said with one voice to
the king, may the king live forever; and this is the interpretation of thy dreams.
The seven good kine which thou didst see denote seven daughters that will be born unto
thee in the latter days, and the seven kine which thou sawest come up after them, and
swallowed them up, are for a sign that the daughters which will be born unto thee will all die in
the life-time of the king.
And that which thou didst see in the second dream of seven full good ears of corn coming
up upon one stalk, this is their interpretation, that thou wilt build unto thyself in the latter days
seven cities throughout the land of Egypt; and that which thou sawest of the seven blasted
ears of corn springing up after them and swallowing them up whilst thou didst behold them
with thine eyes, is for a sign that the cities which thou wilt build will all be destroyed in the
latter days, in the life-time of the king.
And when they spoke these words the king did not incline his ear to their words, neither
did he fix his heart upon them, for the king knew in his wisdom that they did not give a proper
interpretation of the dreams; and when they had finished speaking before the king, the king
answered them, saying, What is this thing that you have spoken unto me? surely you have
uttered falsehood and spoken lies; therefore now give the proper interpretation of my dreams,
that you may not die.
And the king commanded after this, and he sent and called again for other wise men, and
they came and stood before the king, and the king related his dreams to them, and they
all answered him according to the first interpretation, and the king's anger was kindled and he
was very wroth, and the king said unto them, Surely you speak lies and utter falsehood in
what you have said.
And the king commanded that a proclamation should be issued throughout the land of
Egypt, saying, It is resolved by the king and his great men, that any wise man who knoweth
and understandeth the interpretation of dreams, and will not come this day before the king,
And the man that will declare unto the king the proper interpretation of his dreams, there
shall be given unto him all that he will require from the king. And all the wise men of the land
of Egypt came before the king, together with all the magicians and sorcerers that were in
Egypt and in Goshen, in Rameses, in Tachpanches, in Zoar, and in all the places on the
borders of Egypt, and they all stood before the king.
And all the nobles and the princes, and the attendants belonging to the king, came
together from all the cities of Egypt, and they all sat before the king, and the king related his
dreams before the wise men, and the princes, and all that sat before the king were
astonished at the vision.
And all the wise men who were before the king were greatly divided in their interpretation
of his dreams; some of them interpreted them to the king, saying, The seven good kine are
seven kings, who from the king's issue will be raised over Egypt.
And the seven bad kine are seven princes, who will stand up against them in the latter
days and destroy them; and the seven ears of corn are the seven great princes belonging to
Egypt, who will fall in the hands of the seven less powerful princes of their enemies, in the
wars of our lord the king.
And some of them interpreted to the king in this manner, saying, The seven good kine are
the strong cities of Egypt, and the seven bad kine are the seven nations of the land of
Canaan, who will come against the seven cities of Egypt in the latter days and destroy them.
And that which thou sawest in the second dream, of seven good and bad ears of corn, is a
sign that the government of Egypt will again return to thy seed as at first.
And in his reign the people of the cities of Egypt will turn against the seven cities of
Canaan who are stronger than they are, and will destroy them, and the government of Egypt
will return to thy seed.
And some of them said unto the king, This is the interpretation of thy dreams; the seven
good kine are seven queens, whom thou wilt take for wives in the latter days, and the seven
bad kine denote that those women will all die in the lifetime of the king.
And the seven good and bad ears of corn which thou didst see in the second dream are
fourteen children, and it will be in the latter days that they will stand up and fight amongst
themselves, and seven of them will smite the seven that are more powerful.
And some of them said these words unto the king, saying, The seven good kine denote
that seven children will be born to thee, and they will slay seven of thy children's children in
the latter days; and the seven good ears of corn which thou didst see in the second dream,
are those princes against whom seven other less powerful princes will fight and destroy them
in the latter days, and avenge thy children's cause, and the government will again return to
And the king heard all the words of the wise men of Egypt and their interpretation of his
dreams, and none of them pleased the king.
And the king knew in his wisdom that they did not altogether speak correctly in all these
words, for this was from the Lord to frustrate the words of the wise men of Egypt, in order that
Joseph might go forth from the house of confinement, and in order that he should become
great in Egypt.
And the king saw that none amongst all the wise men and magicians of Egypt spoke
correctly to him, and the king's wrath was kindled, and his anger burned within him.
And the king commanded that all the wise men and magicians should go out from before
him, and they all went out from before the king with shame and disgrace.
And the king commanded that a proclamation be sent throughout Egypt to slay all the
magicians that were in Egypt, and not one of them should be suffered to live.
And the captains of the guards belonging to the king rose up, and each man drew his
sword, and they began to smite the magicians of Egypt, and the wise men.
And after this Merod, chief butler to the king, came and bowed down before the king and
sat before him.
And the butler said unto the king, May the king live forever, and his government be exalted
in the land.
Thou wast angry with thy servant in those days, now two years past, and didst place me in
the ward, and I was for some time in the ward, I and the chief of the bakers.
And there was with us a Hebrew servant belonging to the captain of the guard, his name
was Joseph, for his master had been angry with him and placed him in the house of
confinement, and he attended us there.
And in some time after when we were in the ward, we dreamed dreams in one night, I and
the chief of the bakers; we dreamed, each man according to the interpretation of his dream.
And we came in the morning and told them to that servant, and he interpreted to us our
dreams, to each man according to his dream, did he correctly interpret.
And it came to pass as he interpreted to us, so was the event; there fell not to the ground
any of his words.
And now therefore my lord and king do not slay the people of Egypt for naught; behold that
slave is still confined in the house by the captain of the guard his master, in the house of
If it pleaseth the king let him send for him that he may come before thee and he will make
known to thee, the correct interpretation of the dream which thou didst dream.
And the king heard the words of the chief butler, and the king ordered that the wise men of
Egypt should not be slain.
And the king ordered his servants to bring Joseph before him, and the king said unto
them, Go to him and do not terrify him lest he be confused and will not know to speak
And the servants of the king went to Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the
dungeon, and the king's servants shaved him, and he changed his prison garment and he
came before the king.
And the king was sitting upon his royal throne in a princely dress girt around with a golden
ephod, and the fine gold which was upon it sparkled, and the carbuncle and the ruby and the
emerald, together with all the precious stones that were upon the king's head, dazzled the
eye, and Joseph wondered greatly at the king.
And the throne upon which the king sat was covered with gold and silver, and with onyx
stones, and it had seventy steps.
And it was their custom throughout the land of Egypt, that every man who came to speak
to the king, if he was a prince or one that was estimable in the sight of the king, he ascended
to the king's throne as far as the thirty-first step, and the king would descend to the thirty-sixth
step, and speak with him.
If he was one of the common people, he ascended to the third step, and the king would
descend to the fourth and speak to him, and their custom was, moreover, that any man who
understood to speak in all the seventy languages, he ascended the seventy steps, and went
up and spoke till he reached the king.
And any man who could not complete the seventy, he ascended as many steps as the
languages which he knew to speak in.
And it was customary in those days in Egypt that no one should reign over them, but who
understood to speak in the seventy languages.
And when Joseph came before the king he bowed down to the ground before the king,
and he ascended to the third step, and the king sat upon the fourth step and spoke with
And the king said unto Joseph, I dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter to interpret
it properly, and I commanded this day that all the magicians of Egypt and the wise men
thereof, should come before me, and I related my dreams to them, and no one has properly
interpreted them to me.
And after this I this day heard concerning thee, that thou art a wise man, and canst
correctly interpret every dream that thou hearest.
And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, Let Pharaoh relate his dreams that he dreamed;
surely the interpretations belong to God; and Pharaoh related his dreams to Joseph, the
dream of the kine, and the dream of the ears of corn, and the king left off speaking.
And Joseph was then clothed with the spirit of God before the king, and he knew all the
things that would befall the king from that day forward, and he knew the proper interpretation
of the king's dream, and he spoke before the king.
And Joseph found favor in the sight of the king, and the king inclined his ears and his
heart, and he heard all the words of Joseph. And Joseph said unto the king, Do not imagine
that they are two dreams, for it is only one dream, for that which God has chosen to do
throughout the land he has shown to the king in his dream, and this is the proper
interpretation of thy dream:
The seven good kine and ears of corn are seven years, and the seven bad kine and ears
of corn are also seven years; it is one dream.
Behold the seven years that are coming there will be a great plenty throughout the land,
and after that the seven years of famine will follow them, a very grievous famine; and all the
plenty will be forgotten from the land,
and the famine will consume the inhabitants of the land.
The king dreamed one dream, and the dream was therefore repeated unto Pharaoh
because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.
Now therefore I will give thee counsel and deliver thy soul and the souls of the inhabitants
of the land from the evil of the famine, that thou seek throughout thy kingdom for a man very
discreet and wise, who knoweth all the affairs of government, and appoint him to superintend
over the land of Egypt.
And let the man whom thou placest over Egypt appoint officers under him, that they gather
in all the food of the good years that are coming, and let them lay up corn and deposit it in thy
And let them keep that food for the seven years of famine, that it may be found for thee
and thy people and thy whole land, and that thou and thy land be not cut off by the famine.
Let all the inhabitants of the land be also ordered that they gather in, every man the
produce of his field, of all sorts of food, during the seven good years, and that they place it in
their stores, that it may be found for them in the days of the famine and that they may live
This is the proper interpretation of thy dream, and this is the counsel given to save thy soul
and the souls of all thy subjects.
And the king answered and said unto Joseph, Who sayeth and who knoweth that thy
words are correct? And he said unto the king, This shall be a sign for thee respecting all my
words, that they are true and that my advice is good for thee.
Behold thy wife sitteth this day upon the stool of delivery, and she will bear thee a son and
thou wilt rejoice with him; when thy child shall have gone forth from his mother's womb, thy
first born son that has been born these two years back shall die, and thou wilt be comforted in
the child that will be born unto thee this day.
And Joseph finished speaking these words to the king, and he bowed down to the king
and he went out, and when Joseph had gone out from the king's presence, those signs which
Joseph had spoken unto the king came to pass on that day.
And the queen bare a son on that day and the king heard the glad tidings about his son,
and he rejoiced, and when the reporter had gone forth from the king's presence, the king's
servants found the first born son of the king fallen dead upon the ground.
And there was great lamentation and noise in the king's house, and the king heard it, and
he said, What is the noise and lamentation that I have heard in the house? and they told the
king that his first born son had died; then the king knew that all Joseph's words that he had
spoken were correct, and the king was consoled for his son by the child that was born to him
on that day as Joseph had spoken.