The Book of Jasher
And in the third year from the birth of Moses, Pharaoh was sitting at a banquet, when
Alparanith the queen was sitting at his right and Bathia at his left, and the lad Moses was
lying upon her bosom, and Balaam the son of Beor with his two sons, and all the princes of
the kingdom were sitting at table in the king's presence.
And the lad stretched forth his hand upon the king's head, and took the crown from the
king's head and placed it on his own head.
And when the king and princes saw the work which the boy had done, the king and princes
were terrified, and one man to his neighbor expressed astonishment.
And the king said unto the princes who were before him at table, What speak you and what
say you, O ye princes, in this matter, and what is to be the judgment against the boy on
account of this act?
And Balaam the son of Beor the magician answered before the king and princes, and he
Remember now, O my lord and king, the dream which thou didst dream many days since,
and that which thy servant interpreted unto thee.
Now therefore this is a child from the Hebrew children, in whom is the spirit of God, and let
not my lord the king imagine that this youngster did this thing without knowledge.
For he is a Hebrew boy, and wisdom and understanding are with him, although he is yet a
child, and with wisdom has he done this and chosen unto himself the kingdom of Egypt.
For this is the manner of all the Hebrews to deceive kings and their nobles, to do all these
things cunningly, in order to make the kings of the earth and their men tremble.
Surely thou knowest that Abraham their father acted thus, who deceived the army of Nimrod
king of Babel, and Abimelech king of Gerar, and that he possessed himself of the land of the
children of Heth and all the kingdoms of Canaan.
And that he descended into Egypt and said of Sarah his wife, she is my sister, in order to
mislead Egypt and her king.
His son Isaac also did so when he went to Gerar and dwelt there, and his strength
prevailed over the army of Abimelech king of the Philistines.
He also thought of making the kingdom of the Philistines stumble, in saying that Rebecca
his wife was his sister.
Jacob also dealt treacherously with his brother, and took from his hand his birthright and
He went then to Padan-aram to the house of Laban his mother's brother, and cunningly
obtained from him his daughter, his cattle, and all belonging to him, and fled away and
returned to the land of Canaan to his father.
His sons sold their brother Joseph, who went down into Egypt and became a slave, and
was placed in the prison house for twelve years.
Until the former Pharaoh dreamed dreams, and withdrew him from the prison house, and
magnified him above all the princes in Egypt on account of his interpreting his dreams to him.
And when God caused a famine throughout the land he sent for and brought his father
and all his brothers, and the whole of his father's household, and supported them without
price or reward, and bought the Egyptians for slaves.
Now therefore my lord king behold this child has risen up in their stead in Egypt, to do
according to their deeds and to trifle with every king, prince and judge.
If it please the king, let us now spill his blood upon the ground, lest he grow up and take
away the government from thy hand, and the hope of Egypt perish after he shall have
And Balaam said to the king, Let us moreover call for all the judges of Egypt and the wise
men thereof, and let us know if the judgment of death is due to this boy as thou didst say, and
then we will slay him.
And Pharaoh sent and called for all the wise men of Egypt and they came before the king,
and an angel of the Lord came amongst them, and he was like one of the wise men of Egypt.
And the king said to the wise men, Surely you have heard what this Hebrew boy who is in
the house has done, and thus has Balaam judged in the matter.
Now judge you also and see what is due to the boy for the act he has committed.
And the angel, who seemed like one of the wise men of Pharaoh, answered and said as
follows, before all the wise men of Egypt and before the king and the princes:
If it please the king let the king send for men who shall bring before him an onyx stone and
a coal of fire, and place them before the child, and if the child shall stretch forth his hand and
take the onyx stone, then shall we know that with wisdom has the youth done all that he has
done, and we must slay him.
But if he stretch forth his hand upon the coal, then shall we know that it was not with
knowledge that he did this thing, and he shall live.
And the thing seemed good in the eyes of the king and the princes, so the king did
according to the word of the angel of the Lord.
And the king ordered the onyx stone and coal to be brought and placed before Moses.
And they placed the boy before them, and the lad endeavored to stretch forth his hand to
the onyx stone, but the angel of the Lord took his hand and placed it upon the coal, and the
coal became extinguished in his hand, and he lifted it up and put it into his mouth, and burned
part of his lips and part of his tongue, and he became heavy in mouth and tongue.
And when the king and princes saw this, they knew that Moses had not acted with wisdom
in taking off the crown from the king's head.
So the king and princes refrained from slaying the child, so Moses remained in Pharaoh's
house, growing up, and the Lord was with him.
And whilst the boy was in the king's house, he was robed in purple and he grew amongst
the children of the king.
And when Moses grew up in the king's house, Bathia the daughter of Pharaoh considered
him as a son, and all the household of Pharaoh honored him, and all the men of Egypt were
afraid of him.
And he daily went forth and came into the land of Goshen, where his brethren the children
of Israel were, and Moses saw them daily in shortness of breath and hard labor.
And Moses asked them, saying, Wherefore is this labor meted out unto you day by day?
And they told him all that had befallen them, and all the injunctions which Pharaoh had put
upon them before his birth.
And they told him all the counsels which Balaam the son of Beor had counselled against
them, and what he had also counselled against him in order to slay him when he had taken
the king's crown from off his head.
And when Moses heard these things his anger was kindled against Balaam, and he
sought to kill him, and he was in ambush for him day by day.
And Balaam was afraid of Moses, and he and his two sons rose up and went forth from
Egypt, and they fled and delivered their souls and betook themselves to the land of Cush to
Kikianus, king of Cush.
And Moses was in the king's house going out and coming in, the Lord gave him favor in
the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants, and in the eyes of all the people of
Egypt, and they loved Moses exceedingly.
And the day arrived when Moses went to Goshen to see his brethren, that he saw the
children of Israel in their burdens and hard labor, and Moses was grieved on their account.
And Moses returned to Egypt and came to the house of Pharaoh, and came before the
king, and Moses bowed down before the king.
And Moses said unto Pharaoh, I pray thee my lord, I have come to seek a small request
from thee, turn not away my face empty; and Pharaoh said unto him, Speak.
And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Let there be given unto thy servants the children of Israel
who are in Goshen, one day to rest therein from their labor.
And the king answered Moses and said, Behold I have lifted up thy face in this thing to
grant thy request.
And Pharaoh ordered a proclamation to be issued throughout Egypt and Goshen, saying,
To you, all the children of Israel, thus says the king, for six days you shall do your work
and labor, but on the seventh day you shall rest, and shall not preform any work, thus shall
you do all the days, as the king and Moses the son of Bathia have commanded.
And Moses rejoiced at this thing which the king had granted to him, and all the children of
Israel did as Moses ordered them.
For this thing was from the Lord to the children of Israel, for the Lord had begun to
remember the children of Israel to save them for the sake of their fathers.
And the Lord was with Moses and his fame went throughout Egypt.
And Moses became great in the eyes of all the Egyptians, and in the eyes of all the
children of Israel, seeking good for his people Israel and speaking words of peace regarding
them to the king.