The Book of Jasher
And Moses the son of Amram was still king in the land of Cush in those days, and he
prospered in his kingdom, and he conducted the government of the children of Cush in
justice, in righteousness, and integrity.
And all the children of Cush loved Moses all the days that he reigned over them, and all the
inhabitants of the land of Cush were greatly afraid of him.
And in the fortieth year of the reign of Moses over Cush, Moses was sitting on the royal
throne whilst Adoniah the queen was before him, and all the nobles were sitting around him.
And Adoniah the queen said before the king and the princes, What is this thing which you,
the children of Cush, have done for this long time?
Surely you know that for forty years that this man has reigned over
Cush he has not approached me, nor has he served the gods of the children of Cush.
Now therefore hear, O ye children of Cush, and let this man no more reign over you as he is
not of our flesh.
Behold Menacrus my son is grown up, let him reign over you, for it is better for you to serve
the son of your lord, than to serve a stranger, slave of the king of Egypt.
And all the people and nobles of the children of Cush heard the words which Adoniah the
queen had spoken in their ears.
And all the people were preparing until the evening, and in the morning they rose up early
and made Menacrus, son of Kikianus, king over them.
And all the children of Cush were afraid to stretch forth their hand against Moses, for the
Lord was with Moses, and the children of Cush remembered the oath which they swore unto
Moses, therefore they did no harm to him.
But the children of Cush gave many presents to Moses, and sent him from them with great
So Moses went forth from the land of Cush, and went home and ceased to reign over
Cush, and Moses was sixty-six years old when he went out of the land of Cush, for the thing
was from the Lord, for the period had arrived which he had appointed in the days of old, to
bring forth Israel from the affliction of the children of Ham.
So Moses went to Midian, for he was afraid to return to Egypt on account of Pharaoh, and
he went and sat at a well of water in Midian.
And the seven daughters of Reuel the Midianite went out to feed their father's flock.
And they came to the well and drew water to water their father's flock.
So the shepherds of Midian came and drove them away, and Moses rose up and helped
them and watered the flock.
And they came home to their father Reuel, and told him what Moses did for them.
And they said, An Egyptian man has delivered us from the hands of the shepherds, he
drew up water for us and watered the flock.
And Reuel said to his daughters, And where is he? wherefore have you left the man?
And Reuel sent for him and fetched him and brought him home, and he ate bread with
And Moses related to Reuel that he had fled from Egypt and that he reigned forty years
over Cush, and that they afterward had taken the government from him, and had sent him
away in peace with honor and with presents.
And when Reuel had heard the words of Moses, Reuel said within himself, I will put this
man into the prison house, whereby I shall conciliate the children of Cush, for he has fled
And they took and put him into the prison house, and Moses was in prison ten years, and
whilst Moses was in the prison house, Zipporah the daughter of Reuel took pity over him, and
supported him with bread and water all the time.
And all the children of Israel were yet in the land of Egypt serving the Egyptians in all
manner of hard work, and the hand of Egypt continued in severity over the children of Israel in
At that time the Lord smote Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he
afflicted with the plague of leprosy from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head; owing to
the cruel treatment of the children of Israel was this plague at that time from the Lord upon
Pharaoh king of Egypt.
For the Lord had hearkened to the prayer of his people the children of Israel, and their cry
reached him on account of their hard work.
Still his anger did not turn from them, and the hand of Pharaoh was still stretched out
against the children of Israel, and Pharaoh hardened his neck before the Lord, and he
increased his yoke over the children of Israel, and embittered their lives with all manner of
And when the Lord had inflicted the plague upon Pharaoh king of Egypt, he asked his wise
men and sorcerers to cure him.
And his wise men and sorcerers said unto him, That if the blood of little children were put
into the wounds he would be healed.
And Pharaoh hearkened to them, and sent his ministers to Goshen to the children of Israel
to take their little children.
And Pharaoh's ministers went and took the infants of the children of Israel from the
bosoms of their mothers by force, and they brought them to Pharaoh daily, a child each day,
and the physicians killed them and applied them to the plague; thus did they all the days.
And the number of the children which Pharaoh slew was three hundred and seventy-five.
But the Lord hearkened not to the physicians of the king of Egypt, and the plague went on
And Pharaoh was ten years afflicted with that plague, still the heart of Pharaoh was more
hardened against the children of Israel.
And at the end of ten years the Lord continued to afflict Pharaoh with destructive plagues.
And the Lord smote him with a bad tumor and sickness at the stomach, and that plague
turned to a severe boil.
At that time the two ministers of Pharaoh came from the land of Goshen where all the
children of Israel were, and went to the house of Pharaoh and said to him, We have seen the
children of Israel slacken in their work and negligent in their labor.
And when Pharaoh heard the words of his ministers, his anger was kindled against the
children of Israel exceedingly, for he was greatly grieved at his bodily pain.
And he answered and said, Now that the children of Israel know that I am ill, they turn and
scoff at us, now therefore harness my chariot for me, and I will betake myself to Goshen and
will see the scoff of the children of Israel with which they are deriding me; so his servants
harnessed the chariot for him.
And they took and made him ride upon a horse, for he was not able to ride of himself;
And he took with him ten horsemen and ten footmen, and went to the children of Israel to
And when they had come to the border of Egypt, the king's horse passed into a narrow
place, elevated in the hollow part of the vineyard, fenced on both sides, the low, plain country
being on the other side.
And the horses ran rapidly in that place and pressed each other, and the other horses
pressed the king's horse.
And the king's horse fell into the low plain whilst the king was riding upon it, and when he
fell the chariot turned over the king's face and the horse lay upon the king, and the king cried
out, for his flesh was very sore.
And the flesh of the king was torn from him, and his bones were broken and he could not
ride, for this thing was from the Lord to him, for the Lord had heard the cries of his people the
children of Israel and their affliction.
And his servants carried him upon their shoulders, a little at a time, and they brought him
back to Egypt, and the horsemen who were with him came also back to Egypt.
And they placed him in his bed, and the king knew that his end was come to die, so
Aparanith the queen his wife came and cried before the king, and the king wept a great
weeping with her.
And all his nobles and servants came on that day and saw the king in that affliction, and
wept a great weeping with him.
And the princes of the king and all his counselors advised the king to cause one to reign in
his stead in the land, whomsoever he should choose from his sons.
And the king had three sons and two daughters which Aparanith the queen his wife had
borne to him, besides the king's children of concubines.
And these were their names, the firstborn Othri, the second Adikam, and the third Morion,
and their sisters, the name of the elder Bathia and of the other Acuzi.
And Othri the first born of the king was an idiot, precipitate and hurried in his words.
But Adikam was a cunning and wise man and knowing in all the wisdom of Egypt, but of
unseemly aspect, thick in flesh, and very short in stature; his height was one cubit.
And when the king saw Adikam his son intelligent and wise in all things, the king resolved
that he should be king in his stead after his death.
And he took for him a wife Gedudah daughter of Abilot, and he was ten years old, and she
bare unto him four sons.
And he afterward went and took three wives and begat eight sons and three daughters.
And the disorder greatly prevailed over the king, and his flesh stank like the flesh of a
carcass cast upon the field in summer time, during the heat of the sun.
And when the king saw that his sickness had greatly strengthened itself over him, he
ordered his son Adikam to be brought to him, and they made him king over the land in his
And at the end of three years, the king died, in shame, disgrace, and disgust, and his
servants carried him and buried him in the sepulcher of the kings of Egypt in Zoan Mizraim.
But they embalmed him not as was usual with kings, for his flesh was putrid, and they
could not approach to embalm him on account of the stench, so they buried him in haste.
For this evil was from the Lord to him, for the Lord had requited him evil for the evil which
in his days he had done to Israel.
And he died with terror and with shame, and his son Adikam reigned in his place.