with all 15 Steps of the Seder
Haggadah means narration (of the Passover Story). This is the longer version of our “Passover Made Simple”, also found here, followed by commentary on the 4 cups of wine & cup of Elijah; print this for your Seder. Along with a Bible, it may be used in place of a Haggadah. For a simplified Seder & the minimal Biblical requirements for a Seder see “Passover Made Simple” in this booklet.
1. Haggadahs OR (as we prefer) Bibles, and Seder lists (like this one) for everyone, or at least, one for whomever leads the Passover Seder and enough to share.
2. *Optional 2 candles or oil lamps to be used as Festival/Shabbat candles
3. *Optional hand washing bowl(s) and cloths. (No soap – use only water).
4. Wine (or Juice) & Glasses, 1 per person (wine is poured 4x) + 1 extra glass for “Elijah”
5. 3 Pieces Matzot or Unleavened Bread wrapped in a cloth and may also be placed on its own platter/plate. Larger groups need more matzot placed nearby. (Matzah = one, and matzot = plural, more than one matzah). It doesn’t have to be dry plain tasting matzot, you can make some with herbs and spices also.
6. “Seder Plate” (any clean plate can be used) with the following:
i. *Optional Green Vegetable (Karpas) i.e. Celery or Parsley
ii. Bitter Herbs (Maror): Romaine Lettuce is okay or Horseradish (Chazeret)
iii. *Optional Homemade Charoset*–It is usually made of apple pieces & wine, variations on the recipe may add honey, fruit, nuts and spices. A basic recipe is cut an apple into chunks, 1 TB chopped nuts, dash of wine or grape juice, 1 tsp cinnamon.). Invent your own recipe, or search for one you like online.
iv. *Optional Lamb Bone* (Z’roa) – only for display
v. *Optional Roasted egg* (may be hard boiled) – to be eaten at the end of step #10, starts step #11
7. *Optional Salt Water in a small dish (mix water w/table salt) for dipping of Karpas.
8. *Optional lamb-based Dinner with dinnerware. (Or use whatever meat you can afford whether it may be chicken or fish, beef etc. If possible, try not to eat pork but if pork is the only thing that you can afford and have available in your country than YAHUSHUA knows your heart and your situation)
*We suggest using all these items for a full experience, but some are listed as optional because the Bible does not absolutely command the use of the bone and egg, neither the eating of Charoset and Karpas dipped in saltwater. The Torah does not command the use of wine/grape juice, but we know by example to use it because in the gospels YAHUSHUA took wine at least twice, once before and once after the Last Supper.
1. Begin Seder with prayer and wine blessing:
a. Pour 1st cup of wine or grape juice. (Don’t drink yet)
b. Begin with a prayer of thanks to our Heavenly FATHER ABBA YAHUVEH for all HE has done for us and will do for us, HIS Children, as HE protects us and watches over us through all the trials of our life and to HIS SON YAHUSHUA our MASHIACH and soon coming BRIDEGROOM for HIS Salvation for us on Calvary and to IMMAYAH our Heavenly MOTHER who watches over us and guides and leads us in every step we take if we but obey.
c. Say the blessing over the wine. Example: “Blessed are YOU ABBA YAHUVEH, our Heavenly FATHER and CREATOR of the universe, CREATOR of the fruit of the vine. YOU have made us Holy through the shed Blood of YOUR SON YAHUSHUA our MASHIACH. YOU have brought us safely thus far and we thank YOU for guiding and leading us every day of our lives. We give YOU all Praise, Honour and Glory now and forever! Blessed be the Name of YAHUVEH GOD ALMIGHTY! The Name of YAHUSHUA our MASHIACH and IMMAYAH, MOMMA SHKHINYAH GLORY, our Beloved RUACH HA KODESH, the only QUEEN of Heaven!” (Please add your own prayers.)
d. Drink wine or grape juice.
2. Wash/rinse hands
3. Dip parsley into salt water and eat explaining that the salt water reminds us of the tears the Jews cried in Egypt and the greens are a symbol of the coming of Spring which brings hope.
4. Break middle Matzah in two, saying, this is the body of the Lord broken for us. (Usually none is eaten now. Save the larger broken piece for “afikomen” in step # 12, put the rest back).
Body of the Seder, Steps 5-11:
Telling the Story and Eating the Food of the Exodus
5. Introduce and tell the Story of Passover over 2nd cup of wine:
a Hold up matzah saying, this is the bread of affliction which our forefathers
ate in the land of Egypt.
b Pour and pray blessing over 2nd cup. (Don’t drink yet)
c Tell the Passover Story. (or you may list the 10 plagues [see Exodus 7:14 –ch 11] and then read Exodus 11 – 15).
d Optional: read Psalm113-114
e Drink 2nd cup.
6. Wash hands again. You may say a blessing.
7. Say general prayer over food.
Blessed are you YAHUVEH our GOD, King of the Universe,
Who brings forth food from the earth
Blessed are You, YAHUVEH our GOD King of the Universe,
Who has sanctified us with His commandments and has commanded us to eat the matzah/unleavened bread and maror/bitter herbs for Passover.
8. Eat matzah, explaining the matzah, or unleavened bread is also a reminder of the haste with which the Jews left Egypt on the night of Passover because the bread did not have time to rise.
9. Eat bitter herbs, explaining the Egyptians “embittered” or made bitter, disagreeable, the lives of the Jews who we are also as we are grafted into the vine through YAHUSHUA. (Rom. 11:17-19) “And they embittered their lives with hard labour: with mortar and bricks, with every kind of work in the fields; all the work which they made them do was rigorous.” (Ex. 1:14)
10. Eat maror and matzah together. This is usually dipped in the charoset.
11. Eat egg dipped in salt water and then eat dinner. The egg may be eaten at the beginning of the Passover meal or by itself if you are not eating a meal. It is a symbol of the suffering and oppression in Egypt. Everything else in boiling water becomes soft or disintegrates but an egg becomes hard like the Israelites. The more it is boiled, the harder it becomes. An egg also symbolizes new life. Additionally, YAHUVEH has revealed to Prophet Elisabeth Elijah that the 3 parts of the TRINITY are like the egg – each is distinct and yet part of the whole. As ABBA YAHUVEH has said to Elisabeth, “Which part of the egg is the egg? Is it the shell? The white or the yolk?” Of course it is all three – each distinct and yet each making up the whole, the egg. Amazing, isn’t it?
Closing, Steps 12-15:
Seal the Seder with Praise and Prayer
12. Return afikomen and eat of it remembering it represents the Lord’s body.
13. Pray over 3rd cup of wine:
a Pour 3rd cup.
b Read Psalm 126 “Those who sow in tears, will reap with joy unceasing!...”
c Pray Grace after Meals (an abbreviated version is okay)
d Bless and drink 3rd cup.
e Pour the 4th cup and the cup of Elijah. (Do not drink yet). Pray for the prayer of Elijah: GOD to restore all things, to hasten the coming of YAHUSHUA and take vengeance on HIS enemies.
a Praise session. Optional: read Psalm 115-118. Thank YOU ABBA YAHUVEH for the victory over all the things in our lives that are not of YOU in the Name of YAHUSHUA our MASHIACH!
b Bless and drink the 4th cup.
More praise and prayer that GOD accepts the Seder and is pleased.